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Process of liquidating

Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, opened in 1933, shortly after Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) became chancellor of Germany.

Additionally, some Dachau detainees were subjected to brutal medical experiments by the Nazis. Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933, and in March of that year the first Nazi concentration camp opened in the town of Dachau, just outside Munich, a major city in southern Germany.

The camp initially housed political prisoners, and its first group of detainees consisted primarily of socialists and communists.

Hilmar Wäckerle (1899-1941), an official in the “Schutzstaffel” (a Nazi paramilitary organization commonly known as the SS), served as the first commandant of Dachau.

In 1965, a memorial site was created on the grounds of the former Dachau concentration camp.

Today, visitors can tour some of the camp's historic buildings and access a library and special exhibits containing materials related to Dachau's history.

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From the start, camp detainees were subjected to harsh treatment.

On May 25, 1933, Sebastian Nefzger (1900-33), a Munich schoolteacher, was beaten to death while imprisoned at Dachau.

The SS administrators who operated the camp claimed that Nefzger had committed suicide, but an autopsy disclosed that he likely lost his life due to asphyxiation or strangulation.

The Munich public prosecutor summarily indicted Wäckerle and his underlings on a murder charge.

The prosecutor was immediately overruled by Hitler, who issued an edict stating that Dachau and all other concentration camps were not to be subjected to German law as it applied to German citizens.

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